"The enemy ... is racism. But see, racism isn't a person. It's a virus that infects people. It can infect whole towns and cities, even whole countries. Sometimes you can see it in people's faces when they're sick with it. It can paralyze even good people. It can paralyze government. We have to fight that wherever we find it. That's what good people do."
After having heard from a number of people that they consider The Street Sweeper to be one of their all-time favorite novels (and because I am trying to put a dent into a number of unread novels from Australia I have laying around here) I started this book yesterday; with only a few breaks for eating, taking my puppies out, and answering the phone, the day became a marathon reading session that ended at 1 am this morning. It was an epic reading day for an epic novel. Even though there are several problems with this novel, overall I couldn't help but find myself extremely moved by it.
Actually, epic is really the only way to describe this book. It zigzags through 20th-century history here in America and in Europe, beginning with modern-day (2007) history professor Adam Zignelik. As the story begins, Zignelik's days at Columbia University are numbered; although an earlier work had provided him with some notoriety and opportunities to be a "talking head" on TV documentaries and had helped to pave the way for his appointment at Columbia, Adam now is on his way out. There will be no granting of tenure -- he has not published any original research for five years. His personal life is on a downward spiral, and he's plagued with nightmares. His friend Charles McCray is the department head; McCray's father William and Adam's dad Jake worked together in the NAACP's Legal Defense Fund during the heyday of the Civil Rights Movement, after Thurgood Marshall's appointment to the Supreme Court. William, feeling like he might be able to help Adam, throws out an idea for a project near and dear to William's heart. It seems that one of his friends, an African-American World War II vet, was with the soldiers who liberated Dachau. Yet the claim that there were any African-American soldiers involved in liberating the camps was vehemently disputed after the airing of an earlier PBS documentary on the subject. As William notes:
"My friend is a black veteran who, among other things, served his country at the risk of his own life, liberating victims of one of the worst regimes that has ever existed, and ever since then people have been saying he wasn't there...This is what happened when the invisible man went to war!"While this is going on, and while Adam begins to research, Lamont Williams has just been released from prison and is at Sloan-Kettering to start a new but probationary job. For six years he has waited for the chance to find his daughter and to be a father to her; this job provides him the means to start to put his life back in order. While attending to his chores one day he meets an elderly Jewish cancer patient, Henryk Mandelbrot who asks that Lamont wheel him up to his room. It's against the rules, but after some convincing, Lamont carries out the man's request. From his ninth-floor window Mandelbrot stares at some chimneys in the distance and begins a story with a line that will keep Lamont returning day after day:
"There were exactly six death camps but you could die more than once in any of them.’
While these two main characters are working at getting their lives back on track, The Street Sweeper examines, among many other things, why it is important to understand that history is not just a study of past events, but that there were real people involved who should also be remembered. As Adam notes about the importance of history,
"... it's a way of honoring those who came before us. We can tell their stories. Wouldn't you want someone to tell your story? Ultimately it's the best proof there is that we mattered."And later, while at a funeral, Lamont thinks along those very same lines, as he was
“desperate for people to remember other people. If they didn’t, what did anything mean, what had anything been for?”The author draws our attention to the " connections between things, people, places, ideas," and also spends time drawing parallels between African-American struggles against extreme forms of racism and those of European Jews. As just one example, did you know that African-American workers in Chicago slaughterhouses had black stars on their time cards making it easier for them to be identified when the layoffs came around?
Although this is one of the most powerful books I've picked up in a while, The Street Sweeper is not without its faults. To mention a few, first it does take some time to figure out exactly where the author is going; it really wasn't until Lamont meets the elderly cancer patient that things started to pick up for me. Also, in trying to make the point about connections the author has relied on a contrived, systematic series of coincidences that you can't help but notice. There's also a lot that could have been weeded out of this novel such as the ongoing, in-Adam's-head discussions with his girlfriend Diana throughout the story, a number of storyline starts that aren't always finished, and some strange-sounding prose here and there (migrainous?). But while these sorts of things and others tend to set my teeth on edge, they can be somewhat forgiven because of the author's overall focus on people not just as players or victims caught up in historical events, but people as human beings with lives to be remembered and stories to be told.
I feel this need to pace my reading about the Holocaust because of the emotional toll, and while you can't help but be moved by the powerful scenes that occur in the camps in this novel, there's a great deal more to this book that will keep you reading. As one of the characters notes, memory "can capture you, corner you or liberate you," and this idea is perhaps one of the strongest ideas that runs through this book when all is said and done -- that and the force behind oral history that keeps the past alive. The people may be gone, but the stories live on and need listeners, no matter if they're sad or inspiring. Aside from my issues mentioned above, I couldn't help but be very moved by this novel -- I was so utterly engrossed in it that all outside stimuli disappeared to the point where it was just me and the book for hours on end. I most definitely and highly recommend it.